National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)

The Office for Victims of Crime‘s (OVC) National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) is a system for recording crimes known to the police. For each crime incident coming to the attention of law enforcement, a variety of data are collected and submitted to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), such as the nature and types of specific offenses committed during the incident, characteristics of the victim(s), and information about the offender(s) and any other persons arrested in connection with the incident.
 
Eight benefits of the NIBRS: a broad range of crime data; victimization data categorized by age and type of crime; data on victim offender relationships; information on the timing of victimizations; data on victimization involving weapons; data on co-occurring victimizations in a single incident; data on case clearances; and a more complete picture on crime and victimization.