Native Americans are at higher risk for suicide than the general population, but suicide rates vary widely across tribal communities. That variation is important to keep in mind, according to Doreen Bird, an expert on tribal mental health. Each Native community has different mental health challenges and ways of coping with them. Bird recommends that researchers get to know these differences, as well as the specific cultural context of each tribal group, such as their views on illness and death. Involving Native people in prevention efforts can help ensure programs leverage local resources to meet the needs of the community. For example, in Bird’s New Mexico Kewa Pueblo Tribe, spirituality and family are key sources of support. “As outsiders trying to make an impact, it behooves us to look at strengths and resilience that lie within each community,” said Bird.
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